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200 Jahre Cocktail » Die Entstehung
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Strict Standards: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/43/d69666404/htdocs/wordpress/200jahrecocktail/wp-includes/functions.php on line 24

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/43/d69666404/htdocs/wordpress/200jahrecocktail/wp-includes/functions.php on line 30

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/43/d69666404/htdocs/wordpress/200jahrecocktail/wp-includes/functions.php on line 32

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Um die Entstehung des Wortes Cocktail ranken sich hunderte von Legenden.

Von Hahnenkämpfen ist da die Rede oder sogar von Eierbechern (franz. coquetier). Auch eine gewisse Betsy Flannegan treibt in einigen Cocktailbüchern ihr Unwesen und soll bei der Taufe dieses Getränks ihre Finger im Spiel gehabt haben. Außerdem bezeichnete man den Spund eine Holzfasses im 19.Jahrhundert als cock und die im Fass verbliebene restliche Flüssigkeit als tail. Wer oder was tatsächlich für den Cocktail Pate stand, bleibt leider Spekulation.

Sicher ist allein die erste schriftliche Erwähnung des Begriffs Cocktail als Getränk. In der wöchentlich erscheinenden Zeitung „The Balance and Columbian Repository" erschien am 6. Mai 1806 eine humorige Gewinn- und Verlustrechnung eines unterlegenen demokratischen Wahlkampfkandidaten. In der Verlustrechnung wurden auch Cock-tails aufgeführt. In der darauf folgenden Woche, am 13. Mai 1806, veröffentlichte der Herausgeber der Zeitung einen den Artikel betreffenden Leserbrief:

„…never in my life did I hear of cock tail before. Is it peculiar to a part of this country? Or is it a late invention?"

Die Antwort des Herausgebers:

„…Cock tail, then is a stimulating liquor, composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water and bitters it is vulgarly called a bittered sling."

Das Originaldokument kann online bei unseren Freunden vom Museum of the American Cocktail besichtigt werden:

www.museumoftheamericancocktail.org